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Hall County Agribusiness of the year 2007
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Hall County Agribusiness of the Year 2007 
Full Bloom Nursery-
Hwy 283, Clermont, Georgia

) Phone: 770.842.2345

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Photo: from left: Billy Skaggs
(Hall County 
Extension Director)
Kellie and Tim Bowen 
(Owners of Full Bloom Nursery)

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Trees, by Joyce Kilmer 
I think that I shall never see a poem lovely as a tree. 

A tree whose hungry mouth is prest  against the earth’s sweet flowing breast; 

A tree that looks at God all day,  and lifts her leafy arms to pray; 

A tree that may in Summer wear  a nest of robins in her hair; 

Upon whose bosom snow has lain; who intimately lives with rain. 

Poems are made by fools like me,  but only God can make a tree.

Trees are the walls and ceiling of our landscape. Not only do they block the sun, filter our air, anchor the soil and provide us with paper and building materials, trees also turn a hot, boring yard into a peaceful, cool retreat. Trees increase the value of a home and cut back on electricity use when planted where they can block the sun in the summer. Trees also provide necessary shelter and food for birds and other wildlife. When you plant a tree, you are taking care of your great- grandchildren’s generation. 

Ornamental and flowering trees add a dimension to the landscape that can’t be duplicated by shrubs or perennials. Trees can provide winter interest, spring and summer blooms, vivid fall color, vertical height, spreading canopies, berries, peeling bark, and many other features. 

Evergreen trees can hide your neighbor’s garage, buffer the noise of a busy road, block wind and create a private sanctuary. 
Need Trees? We Have Hundreds!

Fall Color at our Nursery- 
Gold leaves are "Muskogee" Crepe Myrtle, red leaves are "Autumn Blaze"  and "October Glory" Maple.
Coral Bark Japanese Maple
fall color
"Yoshino" Flowering Cherry 
Advice from a Tree:
Stand tall & proud    Sink you roots into the earthBe content with your natural beauty
Go out on a limb   Drink plenty of water    Remember your roots    Enjoy the view
Below are the trees we carry. This list is by no means complete, we are always adding to our selection and we can usually get a particular tree for you if it’s not on the list. We offer several sizes; 7 gallon being the smallest that average 5- 6 ft. high, up to large balled and burlapped trees that range from 10- 15 ft. high. 

Evergreen Trees

Cedrus deodara- Deodar Cedar, conifer
Graceful, pendulous branches. Forms a broad pyramid with silver- blue needles, makes an excellent specimen tree. Grows to approx. 40 ft. high by 15- 20 ft. wide in 30 years. Growth rate is medium, about 2 ft. per year when young, then slows down with age. Thrives in hot, dry sites in full sun.
Cryptomeria japonica- Japanese Cedar, conifer
Yoshino- graceful, stately tree that is an excellent replacement for Leyland Cypress. Fast growing to 30- 40 ft. Maintains a beautiful form without extensive pruning.

Cupressocyparis leylandii- Leyland Cypress, conifer
No doubt, the most widely planted screen in the Southeast. Keep in mind these trees will grow to 60- 70 ft. high, which can present problems about 15 years after planting. Diseases are surfacing in this region of the country that can kill Leylands. Cankers and fungal diseases are the most common. We recommend Cryptomeria and Green Giant Arborvitae as excellent trees to block the neighbor without the worry of these diseases.

Cupressus arizonica- Arizona Cypress, conifer
Cultivars listed here have beautiful, powder blue foliage with a wonderful fragrance to the soft needles. Grows very well in hot, dry sites. Grows to 25 ft. high by 10- 12 ft. wide.

Blue Pyramid- powder blue foliage, symmetrical habit

Carolina Sapphire- Developed at Clemson University. Forms a loose, airy pyramid of silver- blue

Ilex species- Tree Form Hollies, broadleaf
Emily Bruner Holly- forms a dense, pyramid with dark green, shiny leaves. Extra large bright red berries literally circle the entire stem. Grows to approx. 20 ft. high by 8- 10 ft. wide. A relatively new cultivar that is becoming more popular due to its beautiful shape and deep green color. 

Foster Holly- hybrid cultivar with very small, dark green leaves and a compact, pyramidal growth habit. Produces large amounts of red berries that persist thru winter. Grows to approx. 20 ft. high by 8- 10 ft. wide but can be maintained to desired size. 

Mary Nell Holly- deep red fruits entirely circle the stems in clusters. Leaves are large and deep green. Mary Nell is a cultivar of Lusterleaf Holly which ranks among the best of the broadleaf evergreens. Grows to approx. 18- 20 ft. high by 8- 10 ft. wide.  

Nellie R. Stevens Holly- Very vigorous and relatively fast growing, one of the most popular varieties in the Southeast. Sets large amounts of bright red berries. Large, shiny, deep green leaves. Forms a broad pyramidal tree to approx. 20 ft. high by 10- 12 ft. wide

Savannah Holly- very popular in the Southeast because of the large, bright red clusters of berries that literally cover the entire tree. The light green foliage forms a loose pyramid of approx. 25 ft. high by 8- 10 ft. wide. This tree makes so many berries that it should be fertilized regularly due to the high amount of nitrogen used by the tree when the berries are formed. 

Magnolia grandiflora- Southern Magnolia, broadleaf
Alta- dwarf variety, growing to approx. 20 ft high by 8-10 ft wide. Maintains dense, full shape with smaller leaves than the large varieties. Large white blossoms in summer.
Claudia Wannamaker- flowers at an early age, one of the best of the larger types. Grows slowly to 50 ft. high.

Little Gem- dwarf form, growing to 20 ft. high by 10 ft. wide in 20 years. An excellent variety for the smaller yard. Blooms profusely at a young age and the leaves are much smaller than the larger forms. 

Thuja plicata- Giant Arborvitae, conifer
Green Giant- an excellent replacement for Leyland Cypress with prettier foliage. Will grow 3 ft. per year with proper moisture and fertility. Foliage turns bronze in winter, a rich green in summer. Grows to 30- to 40 ft. high by 12- 15 ft. wide. 

Flowering and Ornamental Trees

Acer palmatum- Japanese Maple
Magnificent specimen or accent tree, gives an aristocratic look that is unrivaled by any other tree. There are two types that are commonly offered at nurseries; the upright, or non- dissected varieties that include Bloodgood, Emperor, and Glowing Embers just to name a few. These varieties typically grow to 15- 18 ft. high. The other group is the dissected or lace- leaf type and includes popular varieties like Crimson Queen, Inaba Shidare, Red Dragon, and Tamukeyama. These are the weeping forms that have an umbrella shape, only growing to 5- 6 ft. high on average. We hand pick our Japanese maples from several sources and it’s impossible to predict which varieties we will have in stock at any given time. We carry sizes from 3 gallon up to 15 gallon and our trees are top quality specimens.  

Betula nigra- River Birch
Very handsome specimen with peeling, papery bark that gives the tree winter interest. Usually grown as a multi- trunk tree. Leaves are small and cast light shade which gives the tree an elegant, wispy look. Fall leaf color is golden- yellow. As the name implies, River Birch like water and can be planted in areas that stay wet or are wet during rainy seasons. 

Dura-Heat –  superior to the species; glossy, dark leaves are smaller than other varieties. Bark peels at an early age and has a whitish color. Leaf spot resistant.  

Fox Valley- unusual, dwarf form growing to 10 ft. high. Trunk develops a large diameter with peeling bark like the species.

Heritage- superior to the species; the bark is showier, the leaves larger and more glossy, and it grows faster. Very resistant to leaf spot diseases that infect wild trees.

Cercis Canadensis- Eastern Redbud
Native, flowering tree with graceful arching branches. Vivid pink blooms appear in March- April before the leaves emerge. Leaves are large and heart- shaped.

Ace of Hearts- patented, dwarf variety that grows to 10- 12 ft. high. Blooms profusely, a nice specimen for a small space. 

Floating Clouds- variegated leaf form. Foliage is splotched and speckled with creamy white; best grown in some shade.

Forest Pansy- beautiful purple leaf type. New foliage emerges a vivid, shimmering red- purple. Mature leaves turn a dark, olive green in summer but the new growth is purple throughout the season. Flowers are more rose- purple than the species.

Lavender Twist- incredible weeping form that is as interesting in the winter as it is in summer. The branches twist and zigzag thru the canopy. This dwarf form only grows to 5-6 ft. high and it blooms profusely.

Cornus florida- Native Dogwood
Could be the most loved tree of the South. For best results, plant in partial sun, protecting the tree from harsh afternoon sun. Dappled light under hardwood trees is best. Wet, sticky clay can lead to root rot problems so amend a large area and leave part of the root ball exposed, then add organic matter around the root ball, creating a “raised bed effect”.

Cherokee Princess- white flowering variety, blooms are huge; up to 5” across. Very resistant to canker and anthracnose disease, leading causes of decline and death of native Dogwoods.

Rubra- pinkish- red flowers, a beautiful specimen when grown properly. Slightly susceptible to anthracnose, resistant to canker. 

Cornus kousa- Chinese Dogwood
Strong vase shaped habit gives this tree a unique shape in winter. Blooms later than the native Dogwood, usually in May- June. Large white flowers are followed by clusters of berries that resemble raspberries. More drought and sun tolerant than native Dogwood. A beautiful specimen.

Ginko biloba- Ginko or Maidenhair Tree
Priceton Sentry- male form. Female varieties are undesirable due to messy, rotten smelling fruit. Princeton Sentry is listed as one of the best cultivars for bright gold fall color and upright growth habit. Leaves are fan-shaped and bright green in summer. One of the best trees for brilliant gold fall color. Slow to meduim growth. Ginkos get better with age- be patient!

Hamamelis virgiana- Native Witchhazel
Small tree with several crooked, spreading branches. Fall color is a spectacular golden- yellow. Fragrant yellow blooms in November- December. Grows to approx. 25 ft. high by 15 ft. wide.

Lagerstroemia indica- Crapemyrtle
What Southern yard would be complete without a Crapemyrtle specimen? One of the most versatile trees for the Southeast. The varieties with Indian names were bred by the US National Arboretum to be very resistant to powdery mildew. Will not flower well (if at all) in shade.

Catawba- dark purple flowers, reddish fall color. Grows to 12 ft.

Dynamite- bred by Carl Whitcomb, very mildew resistant. Fire- engine red blooms, new leaves are crimson- red. One of our best sellers due to its true red color. Grows to 20 ft. high

Hopi- light pink blooms, semi- dwarf growing to 8 ft. high. Orange- red to bright red fall color. 

Lipan- medium lavender, orange to dull red fall color. One of the best varieties for peeling, mottled bark. Grows to 12 ft. high.

Miami- vivid, dark pink blooms, orange to russet red fall color. Cinnamon brown trunks exfoliate with a mottled gray color. Grows to 16 ft. high.

Muskogee- lavender-purple blooms, brilliant gold fall color. Grows to 20 ft high. 

Natchez- pure white blooms, good orange and red fall color. The cinnamon brown peeling bark remains spectacular throughout the year. Grows to 20 ft. high.

Peppermint Lace- each hot pink bloom is edged with white. Vivid orange-red fall color. Grows to 12-15 ft high. A beautiful specimen.

Red Rocket- another Carl Whitcomb introduction. Mildew resistant. Deep rosy- red blooms and the new foliage is crimson red throughout the season. A pretty tree, even when not in bloom. Grows to 15 ft. high.

Sioux- intense pink blooms, very showy. Fall color is maroon- red. Older branches develop mottled, exfoliating bark. Grows to 15 ft. high.

Tonto- watermelon red, one of the most popular varieties. Semi- dwarf, growing to 10 ft. high. Fall color is bright maroon.

Tuscarora- deep coral pink blooms, widely planted across the Southeast. Fall color is orange- red. Spectacular mottled, peeling bark on older specimens. Grows to 15 ft. high.

Zuni- medium lavender, orange-red to dark red fall color. Semi- dwarf growing to 8 ft. high. 

Magnolia liliiflora- Lily Magnolia
Rounded, shrubby deciduous tree reaching 10- 12 ft. high and wide. Blooms in March- April. Flowers are large and shaped like a lily. Listed below are the “Little Girl Hybrids” that were developed by the US National Arboretum.

Ann- deep purple red flowers, very showy. 

Jane- reddish- purple on the outside, white inside

Magnolia stellata- Royal Star Magnolia
Dense, multi- stemmed deciduous tree growing to approx. 15 ft. high. Blooms in February- March. Double white flowers open before the leaves emerge. Each double flower has 25- 30 petals, making a beautiful display. 

Malus x Calloway- Crabapple
Calloway is a cultivar that grows to 15 to 25 feet in height and forms a rounded canopy.  This Crabapple is often recommended for use in southern gardens due to its high disease-resistance and its low chilling requirement for flower production. The beautiful, single flowers start out as soft, pink buds then open in early April into 1 to 1.5-inch diameter white blossoms. The small but highly ornamental, persistent fruits which follow are deep red and held on the tree until devoured by birds. They can also be eaten or canned.

Malus x Prarie Fire- Crabapple
Prairiefire crabapple is considered one of the best of the scab resistant crabapple cultivars in the nursery trade. It has purple new foliage, clear red-pink flowers, and abundant dark red fruit. Grows to a mature height of 20’. It bears purple leaves in the spring which later turn to reddish green as they mature. Flowers have a pinkish red color and keep their wonderful color all through the blooming period. Dark-red fruit are .5” in diameter and hang on the tree during the fall and winter providing food for song-birds. Very resistant to apple scab, cedar-apple rust, fireblight and mildew. 

Parrotia persica- Persian Parrotia
Single- stemmed deciduous tree with ascending branches. Grows to 20- 30 ft. high by 15- 20 ft. wide. Makes a beautiful statement. One of the best small specimen trees for many reasons. Very tough, extremely tolerant of poor soil, pollution, and drought. Dr. Michael Dirr from UGA states in his textbook, “An outstanding ornamental tree that has few rivals. A fine accent, one of my favorites”.  Leaves emerge reddish- purple in spring, changing to dark green during summer, then brilliant yellow to orange to scarlet red in fall. Blooms in March- April before the leaves emerge. The unusual flowers are crimson- maroon. Older branches and trunks develop an exfoliating jigsaw pattern of gray, green, white and brown similar to Lacebark Pine. All these characteristics give the tree year- round interest. 

Prunus serrulata- Japanese Flowering Cherry
No doubt one of the most beautiful of all spring flowering trees. Grows to approx. 25’ high with a wide spread canopy. Fall color is a beautiful russet- orange. Blooms in March- April. 

Kwanzan- the most popular variety due to its clusters of double pink blooms that resemble carnations. Vase shaped, smaller size than others, typically 20 ft high with upright limbs. Blooms later, usually late April.

Okame- vivid pink blooms. One of the earliest trees to bloom  in spring, usually late February. Very fast growing to 25-30 ft.

Snowgoose- snow- white flowers, more pest resistant than other varieties

Yoshino (Prunus x yedoensis)- pale pink to white flowers, can vary from tree to tree in color. Blooms literally cover the entire tree, putting on a magnificent show in spring, usually in March. This is the variety responsible for the Cherry Blossom Festival in Macon, Ga. and it also graces the Washington D.C. area. Very fast growing to 30 ft.

Prunus subhirtella- Higan Cherry
This species represents two important varieties: pendula, or Weeping Cherry and autumnalis, which blooms in spring and fall. Ornamental Cherries are often described as short lived (usually 15-20 years) but the Higan Cherry varieties are the most cold, heat, and stress tolerant of the group and are the longest living.

Autumnalis- semi-double pink flowers that open sporadically on warm autumn days and then fully flower in spring. Grows to approx. 20 ft. high with a spread of 15- 20 ft. or more. 

Pink Cloud Weeping Cherry- double pink flowers, growth rate is extremely fast to approx. 15 ft. high. The weeping outline makes this tree an excellent focal point.

Pyrus calleryana, Bradford Pear

Every city and town in America probably has at least one Bradford Pear. Unfortunately, it has the terrible habit of literally splitting down the middle in ice and windstorms. This is due to the narrow crotch angles of the branches and the weak wood. An improved variety, which is the only one we sell, has stronger wood and is longer lived.

Cleveland Select, (also called Chanticleer)- This variety looks exactly like Bradford Pear and is actually just an improved cultivar. Flowers heavily and fall color is a reddish- purple. Grows to 35 ft. high by 15 ft. wide in 15 years. 

Salix x sepulcralis, Weeping Willow
Water- loving, fast growing ornamental tree. Does well near water or in ordinary clay soil, but not suited for dry areas such as a bank or slope. Roots will seek out water, should be kept away from septic lines. Grows to approx. 25 ft. high with an even greater spread. 

Taxodium distichum, Bald Cypress
Makes a nice focal point, even the outline of the bare limbs is beautiful in winter. Bald Cypress is a deciduous conifer and the needles are soft and airy in summer, changing to a pretty russet- orange in fall. Fast grower to 50’ high by 20 ft. wide. Will grow in or near water, but is surprisingly drought- tolerant once established.

Deciduous Shade Trees
Acer rubrum, Red Maple
One of the fastest growing shade trees, and responsible for much of the dazzling color of the Northeast Georgia mountains in fall. Named varieties will give much more reliable color and faster growth than the species.

Autumn Blaze- excellent orange- red fall color that persists later than many other cultivars. Grows to 40- 50 ft. high.

October Glory- the deep ruby- red color is more intense than most varieties. Has the ability to develop excellent fall color even when climate conditions are not ideal. Grows to 40- 50 ft. high.

Red Sunset- not well known, but considered by many professionals to be one of the best cultivars. Excellent fiery orange- red fall color, develops a beautiful pyramidal outline. Fast growing to 45-50 ft. high.

Summer Red- named for its brilliant reddish- purple new growth. Fall color is a golden yellow. Beautiful color all season makes this variety unusual. Fast growing to 35- 40 ft. high. 

Acer saccharum, Sugar Maple
Vivid, golden- orange fall color that can’t be duplicated by any other tree. Unfortunately for us, trees in New England are always more intense in fall color than they are here. Most years, however Sugar Maples still provide us with incredible shades of gold and bright orange. Slower growing than Red Maples, averaging 1 ft. of growth per year. We only offer Sugar Maples as balled and burlapped trees because they resent having their roots “cook” in the black nursery pots.

Quercus palustris, Pin Oak, also called Swamp Oak
One of the fastest growing oaks, usually 12- 15ft. over a 5- 6 year period. One of the most widely used oaks because of it’s fibrous, shallow root system and it’s ability to tolerate wet soils. Dark glossy green leaves turn shades of russet- red in fall. Grows to 60- 70 ft. high with a spread of 
30- 40 ft.

Quercus phellos, Willow Oak
One of the best oaks for overall texture and form. Long, narrow leaf resembles a willow leaf. Fall color is a pretty range of colors that vary from tree to tree and includes yellow, orange, and russet- red. One of the fastest growing oaks, averaging 1- 2 ft. per year and tolerates the worst of soils. Grows to 40- 60 ft. high with a spread of 30- 40 ft. 

Ulmus parvifolia, Chinese Lacebark Elm
Allee Elm- The Lacebark Elm gets its name from the bark that exfoliates in a jigsaw-like pattern exposing light gray, gray-green, and bright orange colors; it is flecked with burnt orange, corkish patches. The rich green summer foliage changes to yellow with diffused reddish splotches. Highly resistant to Dutch Elm disease and is very tough and hardy. Grows to 40-50 ft high. An excellent shade tree with a unique look.  

Zelkova serrata, Japanese Zelkova
Village Green- Fast growing variety, highly resistant to Dutch Elm disease and bark beetles. Wine-red fall color. Grows to 40 ft high and wide. Excellent shade tree. A wonderful, hardy tree that should be planted more often.
Trees are the earth's endless effort to speak to the listening heaven.  
~Rabindranath Tagore, Fireflies, 1928
Did You Know.....

Trees make Georgia communities more livable and attractive. They provide economic, environmental and social benefits that translate into measureable dollar values. Many different methods have been used by community forest managers and researchers during the past 20 years to calculate and communicate the value of trees to decision makers and to the public. 

Trees absorb and trap pollutants from the air.  In one year, one acre of trees produces enough oxygen for 18 people to breathe every day and absorbs as much carbon dioxide as is emitted by driving 26,000 miles.  Studies have shown Atlanta’s current tree cover saves the city more than $15 million per year in pollution control.
–Trees Atlanta

Studies have shown 60% of Atlanta’s natural tree cover has been removed over the last 20 years, and metro Atlanta lost trees at a rate of 50 acres a day between 1991 and 2005. In metro Atlanta, for every one acre of tree canopy lost, one acre of impervious surface was gained in the 16-county Atlanta metro region between 1991 and 2005 (Kramer, NARSAL, UGA 2005). 

23 million acres of Georgia’s total 37 million acres are covered in forest.  That means two-thirds of the state is forested.  These forests provide numerous benefits for the state’s environment, including improved air and water quality.
–Georgia Forestry Commission

In the Atlanta area, a 20% loss of forest due to urbanization has led to a 14% increase in ozone concentrations.
–David Novak, Ph.D., USDA Forest Service Project Leader, Northeastern Research Station

An average Atlanta household spends hundreds of dollars annually on air conditioning.  Strategically placed shade trees can cut cooling bills in half.
–David Novak, Ph.D., USDA Forest Service Project Leader, Northeastern Research Station

More tree benefits are summarized here on the Georgia Forestry Commission Website "Tree Benefits" Page
Rising Sun Redbud- NEW. Leaves start out orange, then change to gold and finally to green. 
A kaleidoscope of colors!